Predicting Blast Furnace Reline Timing

Author(s) A. Sadri, M. Henstock, W.L. Ying
5th European Steel Technology and Application Days (ESTAD) conference on September 2, 2021.


Blast furnaces are highly complex pieces of equipment that involve the transformation, interaction and flow of liquids, solids and gasses at high temperatures throughout the vessel. To protect a blast furnace's integrity, a refractory lining comprised of carbon and graphite bricks is used to line the vessel. Over time these refractory materials inevitably degrade and wear away, thus necessitating a reline of the furnace refractory material. This process is extremely costly, and the timing is critical; thus, proper planning of a blast furnace reline is crucial to any furnace operator's success. A reline that is conducted prematurely means lost profits and unnecessary spending. However, irresponsible operation without relining can result in an extremely costly run-out and prolonged furnace downtime.

Careful monitoring of a blast furnace over multiple years allowed for the successful prediction of its most recent reline in 2019. In this paper, the authors explain the methods used to monitor refractory thickness and health during the furnace's campaign life, then provide post-mortem results from the furnace reline to provide further insight into the refractory wear mechanisms.